Working paper series

The WSA Working Paper Series publishes and promotes work of WSA researchers for dissemination purposes and to promote the development of research outputs for further publication in academic journals.

The aim of the Working Paper Series is to disseminate preliminary research resultstechnical reports, and conference proceedings/presentations to enable researchers to communicate the findings of their work to a wider audience in a timely way.

Papers can be submitted to the editorial team ( and reviewed on a rolling basis as they are submitted. The accepted working papers will be published on the WSA website and a copy will be submitted to the British Library.

The advantages of the WSA Working Paper Series are that it will:

  • Offer a fast-track to dissemination of research results.
  • Communicate preliminary results to external academic and non-academic audiences.
  • Raise awareness of research conducted at WSA.
  • Receive internal and external feedback on work in progress.
  • Instil a research culture at WSA.
  • Inclusion of the School’s research on the British Library database.

Referee and Editing Procedure

Papers need to be submitted to the editorial team ( and will be independently peer reviewed by other academic members of the School (in certain cases external reviewers may be asked). If a paper is of sufficiently high quality it will be included in the WSA Working Paper Series and published on the WSA website. Note that papers can NOT be considered for publication in the WSA Working Paper Series if they have been published elsewhere, are accepted for publication, or are under review. However, submitted papers may subsequently be presented, published, or submitted for publication in other appropriate outlets (e.g., peer-reviewed journals, as a book (chapter), or conference proceeding).

The decision to publish a paper as part of the WSA Working Paper Series is based upon:

  • The quality of writing and the presentation of data and research findings.
  • The completeness of the paper in terms of presentation of the objectives, literature review, research methods, findings, and implications for further academic research, policy and/or practice.

Submission Guidelines

  • The manuscript (title page, abstract, main text, figures, tables, references, and appendices) must be submitted as ONE document in Word format.
  • The manuscript text (excluding abstract, references, figures, tables, and appendices) is expected to be between 3,000 and 6,000 words, although longer and shorter texts will also be considered on an occasional basis.
  • All submissions must use the WSA Working Paper template. To download the template click here.
  • The title page should consist of a title (and where appropriate a subtitle). The title page should also include the name(s) of the author(s)
  • The abstract should be no longer than 200 words.
  • Up to seven key words may be used to describe the research.
  • Any text structure may be used. However, the text needs to be formatted according to the Working Paper template/guidelines; you are requested to use no more than four heading levels, and the contents page needs to be linked automatically to the text.
  • All figures and tables should be embedded in the text in the location that they should appear.
  • Footnotes should be kept to a minimum. If they are included, they should be indicated in the text by superscript figures and collected at the end of the text (before the references). The footnotes should be comprehensible without reading the text.
  • A parenthetical referencing style must be used throughout (e.g. Harvard; The referencing style has to be consistent throughout. The author(s) should pay particular attention to the accuracy and correct presentation of the references.
  • All sources of assistance must be acknowledged in the manuscript. Include the project number for externally funded research projects.
  • All formatting and editing needs to be done by the author(s).
  • The copyright is retained by the author(s) and all opinions expressed in the working paper are those of the author(s) alone and should not be regarded as the views of the Welsh School of Architecture or Cardiff University.

The WSA Working Paper Series will be accompanied by a seminar series. It is expected that the authors will present their work to the School and address issues raised in the published papers. Dates and topics are published and publicised when a paper is accepted.

Title: The Introduction of a Single-Use Carrier Bag Charge in Wales: Attitude Change and Behavioural Spillover Effects
Paper Number: 01-2012
Author(s): Wouter Poortinga, Lorraine Whitmarsh, Christine Suffolk

Title: Public Perceptions of Climate Change and Energy Futures Before and After the Fukushima Accident
Paper Number: 01-2013
Author(s): Wouter Poortinga, Midori Aoyagi

Title: Segmenting for Sustainability: The Development of a Welsh Model to Engage the Public in Sustainability and Sustainability-Related Issues
Paper Number: 01-2014
Author(s): Wouter Poortinga, Andrew Darnton

Title: Arbed recipient’s views and experiences of living in hard-to-heat, hard-to-treat houses in Wales: results from three focus groups conducted in South Wales
Paper Number: 01-2015
Author(s): Charlotte Grey, Shiyu Jiang and Wouter Poortinga

Title: Fuel Poverty, Thermal Comfort, and Health in Low-Income Areas in Wales: Results from the First Wave of Data Collection for the Arbed Health Impact Study
Paper Number: 02-2015
Author(s): Charlotte Grey, Shiyu Jiang and Wouter Poortinga

Title: Winter Indoor Air Temperature and Relative Humidity in Hard-To-Heat, Hard-To-Treat Houses in Wales: Results from a Household Monitoring Study
Paper Number: 03-2015
Author(s):  Shiyu Jiang, Charlotte Grey, Wouter Poortinga and Chris Tweed

Title: Conceptualising Low Carbon Innovation Systems: Regions, Materiality and Networks
Paper Number: 01-2016
Author(s): Carla De Laurentis and Malcolm Eames

Title: Renewable energy innovation systems at the regional level: a conceptual framework to address materiality and spatial scale
Paper Number: 02-2016
Author(s): Carla De Laurentis, Peter Pearson and Malcolm Eames

Title: The effect of a housing intervention on the quality of the neighbourhood environment
Paper Number: 03-2016
Author(s): Nikki Jones, Wouter Poortinga, Simon Lannon and Tatiana Calve

Title: Material Difference and Regional Institutions in Low Carbon Transitions: some regional examples from Italy and the UK
Paper Number: 01-2017
Author(s): Carla De Laurentis, Richard Cowell