Kolb developed an experiential model which views successful learning as a cycle of four principal activities: Concrete Experience, Reflective Observation, Abstract Conceptualisation, Active Experimentation.
Here is an example of how you might run a Kolb-type workshop in the classroom:
First stage – Concrete Experience (CE)
Provide hands-on tasks which are open-ended: this provides room for later interpretation. Try to avoid “closed” tasks where learners are led to an answer.
IL example: Examine two contrasting sources of information for use in an assignment. Make notes about their suitability, looking for positive and negative aspects.
Second stage – Reflection (RO)
Ask students to observe and quantify what they experienced. Discussion groups and teacher facilitation can be useful, or students can log reflections in a journal.
IL example: Discuss in pairs/groups; teacher may guide some of the discussion.
Third stage – Abstract Conceptualisation (AC)
Students are given space to conceptualise and design new approaches.
IL Example: Students design a rubric for testing the validity of sources using the observations in stage two.
Fourth stage – Active Experimentation (AE)
Students use the rubric actively to evaluate a source. They may then reflect through discussion or in a journal on any difficulties and amend the rubric.
The next section covers Bloom’s taxonomy.
References for this page
 Kolb, D. A. 1984. Experiential learning. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.