Taxpayers in Wales are paying more money for fewer services as local authorities attempt to plug a funding gap of nearly £1bn, research reveals.
The report from the Wales Governance Centre’s ‘Wales Fiscal Analysis’ project. shows that Welsh local authorities received £918.5m less from Welsh Government grants in 2017-18, compared to 2009-10. Researchers examined local government revenue and expenditure data since 2009. Their findings come as local authorities in Wales publish their budgets and set council tax levels for the year ahead.
‘Sentencing and Immediate Custody in Wales: A Factfile’ provides a detailed statistical comparison of sentencing and immediate custody figures in Wales and England. It is widely accepted that England and Wales jointly has the highest imprisonment rate in Western Europe. But this is the first time the figures for each country have been analysed separately. When using the home address of each offender to differentiate between the two countries, the research found a higher proportion of Wales’ overall population was serving time in prison than England for every year since 2013, when data became available.
On 18 December 2018, the Welsh Government published its Final Budget for 2019-20. This briefing by the Wales Fiscal Analysis team looks at the changes from the Draft Budget in October, the implications for Welsh Government departmental spending and local authorities, and briefly assesses the outlook for future Welsh budgets beyond 2019-20.
This report has been supported by the ESRC Senior Fellowship awarded to Professor Jo Hunt, Cardiff School of Law and Politics, under the ‘UK in a Changing EU’ programme. The contributors to the report all have connections to the Wales Governance Centre at Cardiff University, and the report showcases the breadth of work being done across the Centre on the implications of Brexit for Wales.
The Wales Governance Centre has revealed the most detailed picture yet of the prison population in Wales. The report includes two previously unseen datasets: a breakdown by local authority and prison of all Welsh prisoners and information on the local authority origin of all English prisoners currently being held in Welsh prisons. There are currently (June 2018) a total of 4704 Welsh prisoners, who are spread across 110 different prisons in Wales and England.
Academics from Cardiff University’s Wales Governance Centre and London Metropolitan University studied what motivates and discourages people from considering running for election to the National Assembly. The report (summary), commissioned by the Assembly’s Remuneration Board, sought opinions from people across Wales, including those who had previously stood for election. Taking place over five months, the researchers gathered a wide range of views through surveys, before asking more detailed questions in focus groups and one-to-one interviews.
There will be no simple way to increase income tax revenue using Wales’ new devolved tax powers, according to this report by Cardiff University academics for the Wales Centre for Public Policy. ‘The Welsh Tax Base: Risks and Opportunities after Fiscal Devolution’, written for the WCPP by researchers at the Wales Governance Centre, highlights that the performance of the Welsh economy will directly impact potential future tax receipts.
Cardiff University’s Wales Governance Centre has published ‘Imprisonment in Wales: A Factfile’, a set of Wales-specific data examining the prison system. For the first time, this report gathers a range of data to reveal the performance of prisons in Wales, the status of all prisoners from Wales and where they are being held. Much of the information was generated through Freedom of Information requests, before being analysed and presented as a single resource. There are five male prisons in Wales that each hold a mixture of convicted, unconvicted, sentenced and unsentenced prisoners. Prison capacity has steadily increased since 2010. The prison population in Wales was 4,291 at the end of April 2018.
Under the Chancellor of the Exchequer’s current spending plans, public services in Wales could be facing another four years of cuts according to a new report jointly published today by two think tanks based at Cardiff University, Wales Public Services 2025 and the Wales Governance Centre. Given growing demand and cost pressures, particularly for health and social care services, this would mean tough choices about priorities and may prompt questions about the future affordability of the current range of public services.
The Welsh Government’s budget could be boosted by over £120 million a year by 2028, and £600 million over the next decade, as a result of the new Fiscal Framework agreement for Wales.
This is the main finding of a new report, Fair Funding for Taxing Times?, published today (13 February 2017) by researchers at Cardiff University’s Wales Governance Centre and the Institute for Fiscal Studies. The report assesses the new funding agreement between HM Treasury and the Welsh Government in December 2016.
A new report by researchers from Cardiff University’s Wales Governance Centre and the Institute for Fiscal Studies assesses three options for the floor, and considers how such a floor might interact with the Welsh block grant after taxes are devolved to Wales from April 2018. The report, ‘Barnett Squeezed?: Options for a Funding Floor after Tax Devolution’ is the second report by these researchers on the 2016-17 Fiscal Framework negotiations for Wales.
As the newly created Joint Exchequer Committee (bringing together Welsh Government and Treasury Ministers) continues high stakes negotiations over Wales’ future funding, this report outlines the key issues to consider when it comes to one of the trickiest decisions: how to adjust the block grant funding Wales currently receives to account for the newly devolved revenues, and how to update these adjustments over time. This decision is at the heart of ensuring tax devolution happens in a way that is seen as fair to both Wales and the rest of the UK.
This report is the first output from a new line of research by the Wales Governance Centre on justice in Wales. As well as important developments in the constitutional settlement in Wales, the focus of public debate has expanded in recent years to include areas of legal jurisdiction and justice. As the laws of England and of Wales continue to diverge, there is an important academic contribution to be made in understanding the implications for the justice system in Wales. This report is intended as one of a series of contributions that the Wales Governance Centre will be making in this eld. We hope it will promote discussion and debate on the future of the justice system in Wales.
The report, Wales and the EU Referendum: Estimating Wales’ Net Contribution to the European Union was published in May 2016. The report is a part of its ongoing research projects in public finance and the impact of the European referendum in Wales. The report finds that the amount of money Wales received from the EU budget in 2014 totalled £658m, while Wales’ contribution to the EU (after accounting for a share of the UK’s rebate) stood at £414m. This net benefit of £245m was equal to around 0.4% of GDP in 2014.
The landmark report, Government Expenditure and Revenue Wales (GERW) 2016 was published on 4 April 2016. The report presents a comprehensive multi-year analysis of Wales’ public spending, public sector revenues and the nation’s overall fiscal balance, utilising the same methodologies used by the Scottish Government and Northern Ireland Executive for their annual surveys of expenditure and revenue in the UK’s other devolved territories.
The report, Income Tax and Wales: The Risks and Rewards of New Model Devolution was published by the Centre in February 2016. The report demonstrates that the method chosen to reduce the Welsh block grant to account for the additional Income Tax revenues has the potential to cause losses of hundreds of millions of pounds each year to the Welsh budget.
The report, Challenge and Opportunity The Draft Wales Bill 2015, was commissioned by the Wales Governance Centre at Cardiff University and the Constitution Unit at University College London (UCL). The report provides an expert commentary and assessment of the detailed provisions set out in the Draft Wales Bill published in October 2015.
The report, Delivering a Reserved Powers Model of Devolution for Wales, was commissioned by the Wales Governance Centre at Cardiff University and the Constitution Unit at University College London (UCL). The report examines and illustrates in great detail the policy decisions required, and the wider political and public debate that must take place before a satisfactory reserved powers model of devolution can be developed for Wales.
This is a publication by the Justice for Wales group in support of creating a Welsh jurisdiction. Justice for Wales is a gathering of lawyers including supporters of all the main political parties in Wales, both Welsh and non-Welsh speakers, who have come together in a non-partisan campaign to call for the re-establishment of a Welsh jurisdiction..
This is a note taken from a Chatham House style workshop the Wales Governance Centre held in May 2015 on the issues surrounding delivering a reserved powers model of devolution for Wales. The note contains discussions on the issues of moving from conferred powers to reserved powers, the Scottish experience of reserved powers, a discussion on whether reserved powers is the right model for Wales and concerns surrounding the St David’s Day Agreement.
For decades, otherwise highly respected figures in Welsh life have repeatedly claimed that Welsh nationalists sympathised with Fascism during the dark days of the 1930s and the Second World War. In this path-breaking book, Wales’s leading political commentator assesses the truth of these charges.
Following closely in this regard the recommendations of the first report of the Commission on Devolution in Wales (the Silk Commission), the Bill envisages that the devolution of shared responsibility over income tax rates should take place only after an affirmative vote in a referendum. As I have been one of only a relatively small group who has publicly dissented from this proposition, I shall use this note to seek to explain to Committee members why this view is mistaken.
While the Draft Wales Bill (2013) covers many important matters, here I will concentrate on the proposed reform to National Assembly for Wales (NAW) elections regarding ‘dual candidacy’. I will address two areas: the substance of the proposed reform, and the process of reform.
An outstanding cast of contributors led by Charlie Jeffery, Ailsa Henderson and Daniel Wincott, confront the idea of ‘methodological nationalism’, that is the uncritical choice of the ‘nation-state’ as a unit of analysis that dominates postwar social science. It looks within the state to a regional-scale unit of analysis. Using specially collected data from 14 regions across five European states Citizenship After the Nation State explores how citizens define and pursue collective goals at regional scale as well as at the scale of the ‘nation-state’.
In January 2012, IPPR published The dog that finally barked: England as an emerging political community. In it we argued that an emerging English political identity may over time come to challenge the institutions and practices of the UK more profoundly than anything happening in the so-called Celtic fringe, even Scottish independence.
Here we return to Englishness and its political implications, analysing findings from a further survey – the Future of England survey 2012.
Ers degawdau clywyd cyhuddiadau cyson o du Cymry uchel eu parch fod cenedlaetholwyr Cymreig wedi cydymdeimlo a Ffasgaeth yn ystod dyddiau duon y 1930au a’r Ail Ryfel Byd – cyhuddiad a fyddai’n pardduo enw unrhyw elyn gwleidyddol. Yn y gyfrol arloesol hon, mae sylwebydd gwleidyddol amlycaf Cymru yn pwyso a mesur gwirionedd y cyhuddiadau. Yn ogystal a bwrw goleuni newydd ar agweddau Plaid Cymru a’i harweinwyr yn ystod y cyfnod hanesyddol dan sylw, mae’r llyfr yn cyflwyno trafodaeth heriol ar natur diwylliant gwleidyddol y Gymru gyfoes.
Wales Says Yes provides the definitive account and analysis of the March 2011 Welsh referendum. Drawing on extensive historical research, the book explains the background to the referendum, why it was held, and what was at stake.
On March 1 1979, just 12% of the Welsh electorate supported the establishment of an elected Welsh Assembly. The proposal of the Labour Government to create an all-Wales tier of Government was “tossed into a ditch of irrelevance”, in Gwyn Alf Williams’s phrase.
The defeat of the Labour Government’s proposals by a majority of 4 to 1 on St David’s day 1979 had far reaching consequences. The result “sealed the fate of the minority Labour Government”, according to Vernon Bogdanor. As a direct result of the defeat of the referenda in Wales and Scotland, the Nationalist parties withdrew their support for the Government. In the House of Commons on the 28th March 1979 the Labour Government was defeated on a motion of confidence by one vote, and a Government was brought down for only the second time this Century.
This report presents the findings of the Future of England (FoE) Survey which has been developed in partnership between Cardiff University’s Wales Governance Centre, Edinburgh University’s Institute for Governance and IPPR. The FoE represents one of the most comprehensive examinations of English attitudes to questions of identity, nationhood and governance to date – and the only major survey in this area conducted in England since both the formation of a coalition government at Westminster and the election of amajority SNP administration in Holyrood.
Equality of opportunity is a contested concept. It evokes strong emotions from proponents and opponents alike. Enduring issues of inequality and discrimination mean that it remains at the forefront of political priorities in the twenty-first century. Traditional analyses tend to focus on developments at the level of the unitary state or European Union. In contrast, this book underlines the salience of multi-level governance and offers the first detailed comparative analysis of contemporary efforts to promote equality of opportunity in the wake of constitutional reform in the UK.
The tide of ‘Europe of the Regions’ rhetoric that dominated much political discussion and thinking in the 1980s and 1990s has gradually ebbed. Governance in Europe today may be characterized as ‘multi-level’, but the nation state remains the dominant level for many purposes. Are Europe’s regions, and European regionalism, therefore of little – and diminishing – consequence? This book addresses this question by examining the experiences of regions and regionalism across western, central and eastern Europe.
The past 15 years have seen declining public support for European integration, and widespread suggestions that a legitimacy crisis faces the European Union (EU). Many in the EU have believed that this problem could be effectively tackled by vesting greater powers in the European Parliament (EP), the Union’s only directly-elected institution. The central argument of this book is that, while considerable efforts have been made to increase the status of the EP, it is in crucial respects a failure as a representative body.