A significant policy response that merits inclusion is where the economic crisis has acted as a catalyst for the reform of Government structures. The reasons for this vary from the potential efficiency savings that can be realized to anticipated improvements in the effectiveness of government. Two clear cases of reform were reported in our cases, firstly the reorganization of the public sector in Greece under the Kallikratis law of 2010 and, secondly, the planned rationalization of government structures in Ireland. Both are a clear consequence of the economic crisis. At a European scale though, significant institutional changes have also been enacted owing to the crisis, notably in the development of the EMSF.