4. Producing and communicating

Engaging with wider academic conversations to advance knowledge is a key element of the purpose of universities. Academic staff can encourage learners to engage in these conversations as they learn to distil and synthesise ideas, organise their thoughts and write coherently. Subject librarians contribute through guidance on why and how to acknowledge others’ ideas, through citing and referencing and being mindful of intellectual property and, where appropriate, advising on where their ideas can be best communicated.

4.1 Practices


4.1.1… include other people’s ideas with appropriate acknowledgement
4.1.2… share what I find and produce appropriately, taking account of issues of intellectual property
4.1.3… publish my work with a view to making the biggest impact

4.2 Skills

I can…

Example activities

4.2.1… acknowledge other people’s ideas and words through citing in my text and providing a full reference, using an appropriate styleProvide images from title pages of a book, and/or images from a journal article, and/or a URL so students can look at a specific website.  Ask students to pick out the relevant elements needed for a reference and write it in the correct referencing style (using a guide or tutorial to help). 

Provide anonymous extracts from past essays and references lists and in pairs/groups ask students to identify mistakes.  Then feedback to whole group / discuss.

Further examples of activities are available in the Resource Hub
4.2.2… select appropriate routes to publishing my work as open access
4.2.3… determine the impact of journals Use ISI journal citation reports to find the top journals in your field
4.2.4… select appropriate licences for my work Copyright card game

4.3 Awareness

I am aware…

Example activities

4.3.1…that different types of information can be shared in different ways
4.3.2…of what constitutes plagiarism and the importance of avoiding itProvide example(s) of an original text and then student text based on this alongside the original. Students look at pieces of text in pairs/groups of 3 and discuss whether or not it is plagiarism.  Then feedback to whole group / discuss.

Is it plagiarism? quiz

Avoiding plagiarism activity
4.3.3…of issues of intellectual property and data protection in relation to sharing both my own and others’ contentCopyright card game
4.2.4…of the advantages and limitations of different publishing models for disseminating my work to create impact and meet any funder’s requirements