Access Papers

Access to XPS – A Thank You!

Through provision by the EPSRC, Cardiff University hosted a free access X-ray photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) service for the academic community through the “Access to Research Equipment Initiative” (EP/F019823/1). Over the 4.5 year funding period, we welcomed a large number of PhD and post-doctoral researchers, together with their academic supervisors from an incredibly diverse range of academic fields through our doors.

In this scheme, the visitors were taught the fundamentals and application of XPS to their problems and analysis in a variety of analysis packages; ranging from the widely used CasaXPS software, through to Excel and Origin. The success and quality of the service is evident by the number of publications that arose during the active period – and some still are being published – of the service.

All papers are linked via the DOI service or the appropriate home page for your ease of viewing. Note that the publications here are not exhaustive, and through the wide range of projects we have helped with, we may have overlooked some – please let us know if that is the case, especially with Thesis!

Again, we thank all the users for the exciting science we shared and aided in.


Adsorption of Amorphous Silica Nanoparticles onto Hydroxyapatite Surfaces Differentially Alters Surfaces Properties and Adhesion of Human Osteoblast Cells
Plos One, 2016
P. Kalia, R.A Brooks, S.D. Kinrade, D.J. Morgan, A.P. Brown, N. Rushton & R. Jugadohsingh

Electronic and surface properties of Ga-doped In2O3 ceramics
Applied Surface Science, 2015, 349, 970-982
A. Regoutz, R.G. Egdell, D.J. Morgan, R.G. Palgrave, H. Tellez, S.J. Skinner, D.J. Payne, D.O. Scanlon & G.W. Watson

Study of the magnetic-Alq3 interface in organic spin-valves
Applied Surface Science, 2014, 313, 850-857
N.A. Morley, A.J. Drew, H. Zhang, K. Scott. S. Hudziak & D.J. Morgan

Single-Source AACVD of Composite Cobalt-Silicon Oxide Thin Films
Inorganica Chimica Acta, 2014, 422, 47-56
Michael S. Hill, Andrew L. Johnson, Troy D. Manning, Kieran C. Molloy, Benjamin J. Wickham

New routes to Cu(I)/Cu nanocatalysts for the multicomponent click synthesis of 1,2,3-triazoles
Nanoscale, 2013, 5, 342-350
Pavel Abdulkin, Yanina Moglie, Benjamin R. Knappett, David A. Jefferson, Miguel Yus, Francisco Alonso & Andrew E. H. Wheatley

Anodised TiO2 Nanotubes: Synthesis, Growth Mechanism and Thermal Stability
Thesis (University of Bath) 
Domenico Regonini

The preparation of molybdenum carbonitrides by single source routes and a study of their lattice reactivity 
MSc Thesis (Glasgow University)
Matar Al shalwi

X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of the Passive Surface of Nickel-Carbon Electrocatalysts after Polarisation in Sulfuric Acid
Electrochimica Acta,Volume 118, 1 February 2014, Pages 157–162 
Gareth E. Haslam, Xiao-Yao Chin, G. Tim Burstein

Band gap engineering of In2O3 by alloying with Tl2O3
Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 262108 (2013) 
David O. Scanlon, Anna Regoutz, Russell G. Egdell, David J. Morgan & Graeme W. Watson

Surface functional polymer library by post-polymerisation modification using diarylmethylenes: metal ligand catch and release
J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 24627-24636 
Apichat Aphaiwong, Mark G. Moloney & Martin Christlie

Synthesis, Characterization, and Materials Chemistry of Group 4 Silylimides
Inorg. Chem., 2011, 50 (23), pp 12053–12063
S.D. Cosham, A.L. Johnson, K.C. Molloy & Andrew J. Kingsley

Mechanism of synergistic interactions and its influence on drug release from extended release matrices manufactured using binary mixtures of polyethylene oxide and sodium carboxymethylcellulose
Colloids & Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Vol. 104, 1 April 2013, Pages 174–180 
D. Palmer, M. Levina, D. Douroumis, M. Maniruzzamanm D.J. Morgan, T.P. Farrell, A.R. Rajab-Siahboomi & A. Nokhodchi

Charge assisted tailoring of chemical functionality at electrospun nanofiber surfaces
J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 22935
Urszula Stachewicz, Corinne A. Stone, Colin R. Willis & Asa H. Barber

Effective surface modification of gold nanorods for localized surface plasmon resonance-based biosensors
Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical Volume 169, 5 July 2012, Pages 360–367 
J. Cao, E.K. Galbraith, T. Sun & K.T. Grattan

Charge transfer effects in electrocatalytic Ni-C revealed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231601 (2012)
G.E. Haslam, K. Sato, T. Mizokawa, X.-Y. Chin & G.T. Burstein

Study of polymer–magnetic electrode interfaces using XPS
Appl. Surf. Sci. Volume 265, 15 January 2013, Pages 570–577
N.A. Morley, H.R.H. Al Qahtani, M.H. Hodges, M.R.J. Gibbs, M. Grell,V. Dediu & D.J. Morgan

Factors influencing surface morphology of anodized TiO2 nanotubes
Electrochimica Acta, Volume 74, 15 July 2012, Pages 244–253
D. Regonini, A. Satka, A. Jaroenworaluck, D.W.E. Allsopp, C.R. Brown & R. Stevens

Dependence of surface free energy on molecular orientation in polymer films
Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 094104 (2012)
Urszula Stachewicz, Shuangwu Li, Emiliano Bilotti & Asa H. Barber

Electric Field Assisted Aerosol Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition of Nanostructured Metal Oxide Thin Film
Surface and Coatings Technology
Michael E.A. Warwick & Russell Binions

UV-activated Photocatalyst Films and Inks for Cleaning Tarnished Metals
Chem. Commun., 2012, 48, 525-527
Andrew Mills & David Hazafy

Uniform, aligned bioconjugation of biomolecule motifs for integration within microfabricated microfluidic devices
Analytical Biochemistry Volume 424, Issue 2, 15 May 2012, Pages 195–205
Lucy M. Braddick, Patrick J. Garland, Matthew F. Praeger, Jonathan Butement, Daniel Friedrich, David J. Morgan & Tracy Melvin

One-Pot Synthesis of Core-Shell Silver-Gold Nanoparticle Solutions and Their Interaction with Methylene Blue Dye
European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry Volume 2011, Issue 29, pages 4534–4544, October 2011 
Madeeha A. Uppal, Michael B. Ewing & Ivan P. Parkin

Low-temperature, high-performance solution-processed metal oxide thin-film transistors formed by a ‘sol–gel on chip’ process 
Nature Materials, 10, 45–50 (2011)
K.K. Banger, Y. Yamashita, K. Mori, R.L. Peterson, T. Leedham, J. Rickard & H. Sirringhaus

Modulating Calcium Phosphate Formation Using CO2 Laser Engineering of a Polymeric Material
Mat. Sci. Engin. C, Volume 32, Issue 2, 1 March 2012, Pages 189–200 
D.G. Waugh & J. Lawrence

Combinatorial Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition (cAPCVD): A Route to Functional Property Optimization
J. Am. Chem. Soc, 2011, 133 (50), pp 20458–20467
Andreas Kafizas & Ivan P. Parkin

Hybrid chemical vapour and nanoceramic aerosol assisted deposition for multifunctional nanocomposite thin films
Thin Solid Films, 2011, 519(18), 5942-5948 
Michael E.A. Warwick, Charles W. Dunnill, Josie Goodall, Jawwad A. Darr & Russell Binions

Nanoscale DNA Tetrahdedra Improve Biomolecular Recognition of Patterend Surfaces
Small, Volume 8, Issue 1, pages 89–97, January 9, 2012
Robert Schlapak, Jurgen Danzberger, David Armitage, David Morgan, Andreas Ebner, Peter Hinterdorfer, Philipp Pollheimer, Hermann J. Gruber, Friedrich Schäffler & Steffan Howorka

A Sweet Killer: Mesoporous Polysaccharide Confined Silver Nanoparticles for Antibacterial Applications
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(9), 5782-5796
Robin J White, Vitaly L. Budarin, James WB Moir & James H Clark

Combinatorial atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition (cAPCVD) of niobium doped anatase; Effect of niobium on the conductivity and photocatalytic activity
Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol 20 Issue 38, pp 8336 – 8349
Andreas Kafizas, Charles. W. Dunnill & Ivan P Parkin

On the Effects of Electric Fields in Aerosol Assisted Chemical Vapour Deposition Reactions of Vanadyl Acetylacetonate Solutions in Ethanol
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2011, 11(9), 8126-8131 
Michael EA Warwick & Russell Binions

Modulating calcium phosphate formation using CO2 laser engineering of a polymeric material
Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 32, Issue 2, 1 March 2012, Pages 189–200
D.G. Waugh & J. Lawrence

Controlled Delivery of Gentamicin Using Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) Microspheres
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(7), 4294-4314 
Lydia Francis, Decheng Meng, Jonathan Knowles, Tajalli Keshavarz, Aldo R. Boccaccini & Ipsita Roy

Investigation into Time Dependant Degredation and Atmospheric Consitions on the Wettability of Nylon 6,6 Which has Undergone CO2Laser Surface Modifcaiton
ICALEO 2009 – Congress Proceedings (ISBN 978-091203559-8)
D.G. Waugh, J. Lawrence & D.J. Morgan

Passivity and Electrocatalysis of Nanostructured Nickel Encapsulated in Carbon
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 12968-12974 
Gareth E. Haslam, Xiao-Yao Chin & G. Tim Burstein

Visible light photocatalysts: N-doped TiO2 by sol–gel, enhanced with surface bound silver nanoparticle islands
J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 11854-11861 
Charles W. Dunnill, Zarrin Ansari, Andreas Kafizas, Stefano Perni, David. J. Morgan, Mike Wilson and Ivan P. Parkin

Polymer Blend Solar Cells Based on a High-Mobility Naphthalenediimide-Based Polymer Acceptor: Device Physics, Photophysics and Morphology
Advanced Energy Materials, Volume 1, Issue 2, pages 230–240, 2011
Jennifer R. Moore, Sebastian Albert-Seifried, Akshay Rao, Sylvain Massip, Benjamin Watts, David J. Morgan, Richard H. Friend, Christopher R. McNeill & Henning Sirringhaus

Enhanced Wetting Behavior at Electrospun Polyamide Nanofiber Surfaces
Langmuir, 2011, 27 (6), pp 3024–3029
Urszula Stachewicz & Asa H. Barber

Investigations Into The Conversion of Ethanol Into 1,3-Butadiene
Catal. Sci. Technol, 2011, 1, 267-272 
Matthew D. Jones, Callum G. Keir, Carlo Di Iulio, Ruth A.M. Robertson, Cliff V. Williams & David C. Appleby

The Application of Electric Fields to Aerosol Assisted Chemical Vapour Deposition Reactions
J. Electrochem. Soc., 2011, Vol 158, Iss 2, pp D62 – D67
Jared Crane, Michael Warwick, Richard Smith, Neza Furlan & Russell Binions

Frequency Effects on the Surface Coverage of Nitrophenyl Films Ultrasonically Grafted onto Indium Tin Oxide
Langmuir, 2011, 27(5), pp 1853 – 1858
Fakhradin Mirkhalaf, Timothy J. Mason, David J. Morgan & Veronica Saez

New evidence for the inverse dependence of mechanical and chemical effects on the frequency of ultrasound
TJ Mason, AJ Cobley, JE Graves & D Morgan


Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction on Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles Incorporated in a Hydrophobic Environment
Langmuir 26(18), 2010, pp 14995-15001
Fakhradin Mirkhalaf & David J Schiffrin


Multifunctional Nanocomposite Thin Films by Aerosol-Assisted CVD
Chemical Vapor Deposition Vol 16, Issue 7-9, Sept. 2010, pp 220–224
Michael E.A. Warwick, Charles W. Dunnill & Russell Binions


The Combinatorial Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Vapour Deposition (cAPCVD) of a Gradating N-Doped Mixed Phase Titania Thin Film
Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol 20, pp 2157 – 2169
Andreas Kafizas & Ivan P Parkin


The Combinatorial Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Vapour Deposition (cAPCVD) of a Gradating Substitutional/Interstitial N-Doped Anatase TiO2 Thin-Film; UVA and Visible Light Photocatalytic Activities
Vol 216, Iss 2-3 (2010), pp 156-166
Andreas Kafizas, Colin Crick & Ivan P Parkin


Surface Functional Polymers by Post-Polymerization Modification using Diarylcarbenes: Introduction, Release and Regeneration of Hydrogen Peroxide and Bactericidal Activity
Jon-Paul Griffiths, Bushra Maliha, Mark G Moloney, Amber L Thompson & Ishtiaq Hussain


Design and Devlopment of a Site Specific Protein Patterning Technique For Use in a Microfluidic Anitbody Separation Device
Christopher W. A. Johnson


Laser surface treatment of nylon 6,6 for the modification of wettability characteristics and subsequent enhancement of osteoblast cell response
David G. Waugh


Pectin-Derived Porous Materials
Robin J White, Vitaly L Burdarin & James H Clark


Polysaccharide-Derived Carbons for Polar Analyte Separations
Robin J White, Carla Antonio, Vitaly L Buardin, Ed. Bergstrom, Jane Thomas-Oates & James H Clark


Effect of heat treatment on the properties and structure of TiO2 nanotubes: Phase composition and chemical composition
Surface and Interface Analysis, Volume 42, Issue 3, 2010, pp 139 – 144
D Regonini, A Jaroenworaluck, R Stevens & CR Brown


Multilayered Hydrogel Coatings Covalently-Linked to Glass Surfaces Showing a Potential to Mimic Mucosal Tissues 
Soft Matter, Volume 6, 2010, pp 551-557
Olga V. Khutoryanskaya, Mader Potgieter & Vitaliy V. Khutoryanskiy


Nanoparticulate Copper – Routes Towards Oxidative Stability
Dalton Transactions, Volume 39, 2010, pp 6496-6502
Volker Engels, Faysal Benaskar, David A Jefferson, Brian F.G. Johnson & Andrew E.H. Wheatley


N-Doped Titania Thin Films Prepared by Atmospheric Pressure CVD using t-Butylamine as the Nitrogen Source: Enhanced Photocatalytic Activity under Visible Light
Chemical Vapor Deposition, Volume 15, Issue 7-9, 2009, pp 171 – 174
Charles. W. Dunnill & Ivan. P. Parkin


Effect of Plasma Treatment on the Spreading of Micro Drops Through Polylactic Acid (PLA) and Polyester (PET) Fabrics
AUTEX Research Journal, Volume 10, No. 1, 2010. pp 1 – 7
Roger H. Wardman & Abdulhameed Abdrabbo


White light induced photocatalytic activity of sulfur-doped TiO2thin films and their potential for antibacterial application 
Journal of Materials Chemistry Volume 19, 2009, pp 8747-8754
Charles W. Dunnill, Zoie A. Aiken, Andreas Kafizas, Jonathan Pratten, Michael Wilson, David J. Morgan & Ivan P. Parkin


N-doped Titania Thin FIlms Prepared by Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Deposition: Enhanced Visible Light Photocatalytic Activity and Anti-Microbal Effects
EuroCVD 17 – ECS Transactions 25 (8) 65-72 (2009)
Charles W. Dunnill, Zoie A. Aiken, Jonathan Pratten, Michael Wilson & Ivan P. Parkin


Interaction of CO2 laser-modified nylon with osteoblast cells in relation to wettability
Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 29, Issue 8, 2009, pp 2514-2524
D.G. Waugh, J. Lawrence, D.J. Morgan & C.L. Thomas


Direct introduction of phosphonate by the surface modification of polymers enhances biocompatibility
Reactive and Functional Polymers, Volume 69, Issue 2, 2009, pp 77-85
Cleo Choong, Jon-Paul Griffiths, Mark G. Moloney, James Triffitt & Diane Swallow


Chemical modification of materials by reaction with diaryl diazomethanes
Tetrahedron Letters, Volume 50, Issue 26, 2009, pp 3499-3502
David Leonard, Mark G. Moloney & Claire Thompson


Photocatalytic activities of N-doped nano-titanias and titanium nitride
Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 29, Issue 11, 2009, pp 2343-2353
Zhice Zhang, Josephine B.M. Goodall, David J. Morgan, Sonal Brown, Robin J.H. Clark, Jonathan C. Knowles, Nicola J. Mordan, Julian R.G. Evans, Albert F. Carley, Michael Bowker & Jawwad A. Darr


Enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible light in N-doped TiO2 thin films produced by APCVD preparations using t-butylamine as a nitrogen source and their potential for antibacterial films
Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, Volume 207, Issues 2-3, 2009, pp 244-253
Charles W.H. Dunnill, Zoie A. Aiken, Jonathan Pratten, Michael Wilson, David J. Morgan & Ivan P. Parkin


Synthesis and characterization of doped nano-sized ceria–zirconia solid solutions
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Volume 90, Issues 3-4, 2009,pp 405-415
Xiaole Weng, Ben Perston, Xue Z. Wang, Isaac Abrahams, Tian Lin, Shoufeng Yang, Julian R.G. Evans, David J. Morgan, Albert F. Carley, Michael Bowker, Jonathan C. Knowles, Ihtesham Rehman & Jawwad A. Darr


Coating Stent Materials With Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane-Poly(Carbonateurea) Urethane Nanocomposites
Raheleh Bakhshi


Novel Preparation of Nitrogen Doped Titanium Dioxide Films
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